MNV-225: Advanced Radar

 

GENERAL INFORMATION:

Course title: MNV 225 Advanced Radar

Campus:    FSM FMI

Initiator: Matthias J. Ewarmai

Date:  July 2016

Course description:

This course is aimed to develop the knowledge and skills necessary to enable the learner to operate radar installations on board fishing and merchant vessels.

SPC  Required Contact Hrs. – 35
SPC Module Name and Code:  SPC 034 Basic Radar
STCW-95 Reg.11/3, Table A-11/3

COURSE HOURS/CREDITS:

 

 

Hours per Week

 

No.  of  Weeks

 

Total Hours

 

Semester Credits

Lecture

 

          2

x

16

x

 32

=

 

Practicum

 

          4

x

16

x

64

=

 

Lecture/Prac

 

 

x

 

x

96

=

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
Total  Semester

 

Credits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PURPOSE OF COURSE:        
[   ] Degree requirement
[   ] Degree elective
[ X  ] Certificate               Advanced Certificate of Achievement – Class 5 Master
[ X  ] Other                      A required course for the     issuance of Certificate of Competency in Class 5 Navigation by the FSM Transportation, Communication and Infrastructure.

PREREQUISITES: All Advanced Safety and Class 6 Navigation Courses

 

PSLOS OF OTHER PROGRAMS THIS COURSE MEETS: NONE

  1)  INSTITUTIONAL STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (Check all that apply)

 

[    ]

1. Effective oral communication: capacity to deliver prepared, purposeful presentations designed to increase knowledge, to foster understanding, or to promote change in the listeners’ attitudes, values, beliefs, or behaviors.

 

[    ]

2. Effective written communication: development and expression of ideas in writing through work in many genres and styles, utilizing different writing technologies, and mixing texts, data, and images through iterative experiences across the curriculum.

[    ]

3. Critical thinking: a habit of mind characterized by the comprehensive exploration of issues, ideas, artifacts, and events before accepting or formulating an opinion or conclusion.

[ X]

4. Problem solving: capacity to design, evaluate, and implement a strategy to answer an open-ended question or achieve a desired goal.

 

[    ]

5. Intercultural knowledge and competence: a set of cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills and characteristics that support effective and appropriate interaction in a variety of cultural contexts.

 

[X ]

6. Information literacy: the ability to know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively and responsibly use and share that information for the problem at hand.

[X ]

7. Foundations and skills for life-long learning: purposeful learning activity, undertaken on an ongoing basis with the aim of improving knowledge, skills, and competence.

 

[    ]

8. Quantitative Reasoning: ability to reason and solve quantitative problems from a wide array of authentic contexts and everyday life situations; comprehends and can create sophisticated arguments supported by quantitative evidence and can clearly communicate those arguments in a variety of formats.

 

2)  PROGRAM STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (PSLOs): The student will be able
to:

  • Demonstrate competency in safe management and operation of a vessel not more than 200 gross tons by:
  • Setting up and correctly operating navigational and emergency communication equipment.
  • Maintaining a good stability of a vessel in compliance with national requirements.
  • Planning and conducting the coastal passage of a vessel.

2.   Demonstrate competency in defining and outlining the structural and watertight integrity of a vessel.

3)  COURSE STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (CSLOs) (General): The student will be
able to:

  1. Describe the basic principle of a marine radar set.
  2. Describe the factors that affect the detection and presentation of a target on the radar display.
  3. Demonstrate setting up and maintaining the picture on a radar set typical of the type installed on small commercial vessels of up to 200 tons.
  4. Demonstrate measuring range and bearing of radar contacts.
  5. Demonstrate using radar set as an aid to navigation.
  6. Apply the information obtained by radar for collision avoidance.

4)  COURSE STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (CSLOs) (Specific): The student will be  
able to:


CSLO (General) 1: Describe the basic principle of a marine radar set.

Student Learning Outcome (specific)

ISLO

PSLO

Assessment Strategies

1.1  Identify the main components of a marine radar set and their functions.

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written and practical assessments will be used to demonstrate student’s competence in

  • Identifying the main components of a marine radar set and their functions
  • Explaining the fundamentals of radar theory
  • Describing the differences between analogue and digital radar sets
  • Stating the factors to be considered during installation of radar equipment

1.2  Explain the fundamentals of radar theory.

1.3  Describe the differences between analogue and digital radar sets.

1.4  State the factors to be considered during installation of radar equipment.

CSLO (General) 2: Describe the factors that affect the detection and presentation of a target on the radar display.

Student Learning Outcomes (specific)

ISLO

PSLO

Assessment Strategies

2.1  Describe the relationship between factors such as:

  • Frequency
  • Wavelengths
  • Pulse length
  • Pulse repetition frequency
  • Radar performance accuracy

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written tests, oral and practical assessments will be used to demonstrate student’s competence in:

  • Describing and recognizing factors such as: frequency, wavelengths, pulse length, pulse repetition frequency, and radar performance accuracy
  • Describing the factors affecting minimum and maximum radar ranges
  • Describing the factors affecting bearings and range discrimination
  • Describing and recognizing the relations ship between factors such as: scanner height, scanner size, scanner shape, scanner rotation speed, with respect to radar performance and accuracy
  • Describing the effect of weather conditions on radar performance and accuracy
  • Explaining the effects of a target’s characteristics on its reflecting properties
  • Calculating an approximate radar horizon
  • Describing the types and causes of false echoes
  •  Identify blind arcs and sectors
  • Identifying the effects of blind arcs and shadow sectors on target detection and display

2.2  Describe the factors affecting minimum and maximum radar ranges.

2.3  Describe the factors affecting bearings and range discrimination.

2.4  Describe the relationship between factors such as:

  • Scanner height
  • Scanner size
  • Scanner shape
  • Scanner rotation speed

      with respect to radar performance and accuracy.

2.5  Describe the effect of weather conditions on radar performance and accuracy.

2.6  Explain the effects of a target’s characteristics on its reflecting properties.

2.7  Calculate an approximate radar horizon.

2.8  Describe the types and causes of false echoes.

2.9  Identify the causes of blind arcs and sectors.

2.10 Identify the effects of blind arcs and shadow sectors on target detection and display.

CSLO (General) 3: Demonstrate setting up and maintaining the picture on a radar set typical of the type installed on commercial vessels of up to 200 tons.

Student Learning Outcomes (specific)

ISLO

PSLO

Assessment Strategies

3.1  Explain the physical and radiation hazards of live radar equipment.

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written and practical assessments will be used to assess student’s competence in:

  • Explaining the physical and radiation hazards of live radar equipment
  • Identifying the radar display controls
  • Describing the functions of radar controls
  • Listing the pre-operational checks for radar operation
  • Describing the correct sequence for switching on a radar set
  • Describing the optimum settings for a radar set and display
  • Describing the importance of regular checks of display performance and how these are carried out
  • Demonstrating the ability to turn on, setup and operate a radar set

Demonstrations will be done on radar simulator

3.2  Identify the radar display controls.

3/3  Describe the function of radar controls.

3.4  List the pre-operational checks for radar operation.

3.5  Describe the correct sequence for switching on a radar set.

3.6  Describe the optimum settings for a radar set and display.

3.7  Describe the importance of regular checks of display performance and how these are carried out.

3.8  Demonstrate the ability to turn on, set up and operate a radar set.

CSLO (General) 4: Demonstrate measuring range and bearing of radar contacts.

Student Learning Outcomes (specific)

ISLO

PSLO

Assessment Strategies

4.1  Measure the range of radar contacts using fixed and variable ring markers.

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written tests and practical assessments will be used to demonstrate student’s competence in:

  • Measuring the range of radar contacts using fixed and variable ring markers
  • Measuring the bearing of radar contacts using rotating and electronic cursors
  • Converting radar bearings to compass bearings and vice versa
  • Explaining the limitations on the accuracy of radar range and bearing measurements
  • Explaining the effects of parallax, heading marker and centering errors
  • Explaining the need for regularly checking of range and bearing accuracy
  • Explaining the methods of checking and correcting range and bearing inaccuracies

4.2  Measure the bearing of radar contacts using rotating and electronic cursors.

4.3  Convert radar bearings to compass bearings and vice versa.

4.4  Explain the limitations on the accuracy of radar range and bearing measurements.

4.5  Explain the effects of parallax, heading marker and centering errors.

4.6  Explain the need for regularly checking of range and bearing accuracy.

4.7  Explain the methods of checking and correcting range and bearing inaccuracies.

CSLO (General) 5: Demonstrate using radar as an aid to navigation.

5.1  Identify navigational features on a chart and on a radar display.

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written tests and practical assessments will be used to demonstrate student’s competence in:

  • Identifying navigational features on a chart and on a radar display
  • Describing the method of checking the accuracy of variable range markers
  • Explaining how to fix a vessel’s position using radar ranges and bearings
  • Describing the hazards associated with fixes by radar bearings alone
  • Describing the importance of using visual means for checking radar positions
  • Describing basic parallel indexing techniques to monitor the track of a vessel
  • Describing the factors to be taken into account when using radar to make a landfall
  • Demonstrating the ability to use radar for navigation
  • Relating radar display to a navigational chart and fix positions

Demonstrations will be done on radar simulator

5.2  Describe the method of checking the accuracy of variable range markers.

5.3  Explain how to fix a vessel’s position using radar ranges and bearings.

5.4  Describe the hazards associated with fixes by radar bearings alone.

5.5 Describe the importance of using visual means for checking radar positions.

5.6  Describe basic parallel indexing techniques to monitor the track of a vessel.

5.7  Describe the factors to be taken into account when using radar to make a landfall.

5.8  Demonstrate the ability to use radar for navigation.

5.9  Relate radar display to a navigational chart and fix positions.

CSLO (General) 6: Apply the information obtained by radar for collision avoidance.

Student Learning Outcomes (specific)

ISLO

PSLO

Assessment Strategies

6.1  Describe the importance of the early use of radar at night or during deteriorating visibility conditions.

4,6,7

1(a), 1(c)

Written tests and practical assessments will be used to demonstrate student’s competence in:

  • Describing the importance of the early use of radar at night or during deteriorating visibility conditions
  • Determining the relative movement of targets through systematic radar observations
  • Determining the closest point of approach through the relative movement of targets
  • Describing the importance of frequent recording of range and bearing of radar targets as an aid to collision avoidance
  • Describing the application of COLREGS 5, 6 and 7
  • Applying the content of COLREGE 19 in rule of the road situations
  • Describing the importance of considering the maneuvering characteristics of a vessel when planning collision avoidance activities
  • Plotting other vessels and take appropriate avoidance action in a real or simulated environment

Demonstrations will be done on radar simulator

6.2  Determine the relative movement of targets through systematic radar observations.

6.3 Determine the closest point of approach through the relative movement of targets.

6.4  Describe  the importance of frequent recording of range and bearing of radar targets as an aid to collision avoidance.

6.5  Describe the application of COLREGS 5, 6 and 7.

6.6 Apply the content of COLREGE 19 in rule of the road situations.

6.7  Describe the importance of considering the maneuvering characteristics of a vessel when planning collision avoidance activities.

6.8  Plot other vessels and take appropriate avoidance action in a real or simulated environment.

 

5)  COURSE CONTENT:
1. Basic principles
2. Reading the display
3. Operating a marine radar
4. Measuring bearings and ranges
5. Using radar for navigation
6. Collision avoidance

 

6)  METHOD(S) OF INSTRUCTION:

[ X]  Lecture                   [X ]  Cooperative learning groups
[   ]  Laboratory               [X]  In-class exercises
[   ]  Audio visual            [X]  Demonstrations
[   ]  Other

 

7)  REQUIRED TEXT(S) AND COURSE MATERIALS:
SPC 034 Basic Radar, Learners Guide. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Suva, Fiji (2006). (or most recent edition)
Full Mission Bridge Simulator
Radar simulator
Appropriate navigational charts
Plotting implements

8)  REFERENCE MATERIALS:
IMO, Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended, (2011 Consolidated Edition), IMO, London
Burger, W., Radar Observer’s Handbook, Brown, Son & Ferguson, Ltd., Glasgow, England (1983) (or most recent edition)

9)  INSTRUCTIONAL COSTS:      None

 

10) EVALUATION:  A grade of at least 70% or a “C” must be achieved to progress to the next level.  All demonstrations should achieve at least a rate of 80%.

 

11) CREDIT BY EXAMINATION:            None

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