VTE-261 Fiber Optics Installation

Course Description:  This course is designed to teach students how to safely and properly splice, terminate, and test fiber optics cables.  Students will be using the latest technology to troubleshoot and repair fiber optics cables.  Coursework will include the use of mechanical and fusion splicing, termination techniques on various types of fiber optic end connectors, the use of the Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR) to troubleshoot fiber optics cables, and the use of light source & power meter.

  • Prerequisite Courses:   VEE104 or VEM104

A.  PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES (PLOs): 
The student will be able to:

  1. Practice Safety and occupational health procedures in the workplace.
  2. Use electronic tools and test equipment competently.
  3. Interpret schematic diagrams and waveforms.
  4. Build electronic projects to a given specification.
  5. Practice a career in the Telecom industry.
  6. Troubleshoot microwave, fiber optic, and telephone systems.

B.  STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOs) - GENERAL: 
The student will be able to:

  1. Describe the fundamentals of a fiber optic communication system.
  2. Explain the safety precautions and the proper work practices associated with fiber optics
  3. List the applications and advantages of fiber optics.
  4. Describe the construction, components, tools, and operating characteristics of a fiber optic cable.
  5. Identify and describe the loss factors in a fiber optics cable.
  6. Describe the proper procedures of a fiber optics installation in compliance with NEC and TIA/EIA standards.
  7. Safely and properly use the OTDR to test and troubleshoot a fiber optic cable or installation.
  8. Safely and properly prepare a fiber optic cable.
  9. Safely and properly perform fiber preparation procedures.
  10. Safely and properly perform fiber optics splicing procedures: Fusion and Mechanical.

SLO

PLO 1

PLO 2

PLO 3

PLO 4

PLO 5

PLO 6

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DM

 

 

 

2

DM

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

DM

 

 

 

4

 

 

DM

 

 

 

5

 

 

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6

IDM

 

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7

 

IDM

IDM

 

 

IDM

8

M

DM

M

IDM

 

DM

9

M

DM

M

DM

 

DM

10

IDM

IDM

IDM

IDM

 

IDM

I = Introduced
D = Demonstrated
M = Mastered

C.  STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOs) -SPECIFIC: 
      The student will be able to: 

General SLO 1.  Describe the fundamentals of a fiber optic communication system.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

1.1. Describe the block diagram of a fiber optic link

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

1.2. Define the use of electronics to gather, store, manipulate and move information.    

1.3. Describe the role of fiber optics as a communications medium

1.4. Discuss the milestone in optical system

1.5. Differentiate copper and fiber in terms of carriers.

1.6. Define mode and list two modes of fiber

1.7. List applications of single-mode and multimode

1.8. Describe three basic parts of a fiber

1.9. Identify and describe three wavelengths of lights used in fiber optics systems.

General SLO 2:     Explain the safety precautions/hazards and the proper work practices associated with fiber optics.

Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

2.1. List safety rules before handling fiber

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

2.2. Follow all safety regulations OSHA and NEC

2.3. Present a proper and safe working environment

2.4. Identify various potential hazards associated with fiber optics (electrical, glass particle, chemical, radiation)

2.5. Describe classes of laser (class 1, class 2, class 3, and class 4)

2.6. Explain the proper procedures of disposing of fiber and cleaning materials

2.7. Identify proper safety equipment used when working with fiber

2.8. Define MSDS form

2.9. Identify the authorized chemicals used in fiber preparations

General SLO 3:     List the applications and advantages of fiber optics.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

3.1. List the applications of fiber in telecommunications

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

3.2. Describe the application in premise wiring

3.3. Describe the applications in LAN, factory automation, and military.

3.4. Describe wide bandwidth

3.5. Describe low loss

3.6. Define electromagnetic immunity (EMI)

3.7. Describe light weight and physical size compared to copper cable.

General SLO 4:     Describe the construction, components, tools, and operating characteristics of a fiber optic cable.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

4.1. Describe primary and secondary coatings

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

4.2. Explain the cable construction process

4.3. Identify cable testing techniques

4.4. Identify cable components

4.5. Describe hybrid, plenum, and riser cables

4.6. Identify two types of indoor cables

4.7. Describe loose tube gel filled (LTGF)

4.8. Explain the difference between connectors and splices

4.9. Identify the types of connectors being used in optical system

4.10. Identify the two types of splices used in optical system

4.11. List the color code of fiber cable in order.

General SLO 5:     Identify and describe the loss factors in a fiber optic cable.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

5.1. Describe the conditions for low loss testing

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

5.2. Identify sources of loss in fiber systems

5.3. Describe causes of losses in an interconnection

5.4. Explain attenuation

5.5. Define decibel (dB) and decibel milli-watt (dBm)

5.6. Describe fiber termination losses

5.7. Define microbend and macrobend losses

5.8. Describe absorption and light scattering on a optical system

5.9. Explain the effects of bend radius on a optical system

General SLO 6:     Describe the proper procedures of a fiber optic installation in compliance with NEC and TIA/EIA standards.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

6.1. Define NEC and TIA/EIA standards

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning and written tests.

6.2. Outline material and equipment list

6.3. Explain the amount of slack to be placed on ends of the fiber, splice points, manholes, and junction boxes

6.4. Define minimum bend radius and pulling tension of the fiber optic cable

6.5. Prepare cable system records: Outline sequential records

6.6. List the standards in the TIA/EIA standard

General SLO 7:     Safely and properly use the OTDR to test and troubleshoot a fiber optic cable.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

7.1. Identify various sections of an OTDR

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning, written, and practical tests.

7.2. Explain the basic operation of an OTDR

7.3. Identify testing procedures using the OTDR

7.4. Define OTDR

7.5. Define Rayleigh scattering, Fresnel reflection, and backscatter.

7.6. Define dynamic range and dead zone.

7.7. Determine connector types and external interfaces used in OTDR

7.8. List wavelengths associated with single-mode and multimode fibers.

7.9. Define long pulse & short pulse and usage in optical system

7.10. Perform fault locations, distance and loss measurements on fiber optic cables

7.11. Perform Reflectance test on fiber optic cables

7.12. Perform automatic test on fiber optic cables

7.13. Perform non-reflective break test on fiber optic cables

7.14. Determine ghost reflection on the OTDR

General SLO 8:     Safely and properly prepare a fiber optic cable.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

8.1. Observe the proper procedures in preparation of fiber     optic cable

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning, written, and practical exams and class project.

8.2. Identify proper tools in preparing the fiber optic cable

8.3. List all safety precautions when preparing fiber optic cable

8.4. Remove sheath from non-armored and armored fiber cable using the proper tool

8.5. Remove central strength member on fiber optic cable

8.6. Remove filled gel with filled cleaner and lint free cloth

8.7. Remove buffer tube with the proper tool to expose fiber stands for termination or splicing

8.8. List all applicable building codes to follow when preparing fiber optic cable

8.9. Prepare the fiber optic cable for grounding and bonding in compliance with all building codes and standards outline in the TIA/EIA

General SLO 9:     Safely and properly perform fiber preparation procedures.


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

9.1. Explain the importance of cleanliness and using proper work practices when working with fiber

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning, written, and practical tests.

9.2. Explain the importance of stripping and cleaving when working with fiber

9.3. Strip fiber to the approximate length

9.4. Clean fiber using recommended field cleaner

9.5. Cleave fiber using cleaver most commonly used in the industry.

General SLO 10:   Safely and properly perform fiber optics splicing procedures


Student Learning Outcomes

Assessment Strategies

10.1. Perform a 0.2dB loss on fusion splicing

 

Competence will be demonstrated through oral questioning, written, and practical tests.

10.2. Prepare fiber for fusion splicing

10.3. Strip fiber to proper length for fusion splicing

10.4. Cleave fiber for fusion splicing

10.5. Clean and splice fiber using fusion splicer

10.6. Test fiber for total attenuation loss

10.7. Perform a 0.2dB loss on mechanical splicing

10.8. Prepare fiber for mechanical splicing

10.9. Strip fiber to proper length for mechanical splicing

10.10. Cleave fiber for mechanical splicing

10.11. Clean and splice fiber using mechanical method

10.12. Test fiber for total attenuation loss

D.  COURSE CONTENT

  1. Fundamentals of fiber optics systems
  2. Safety in fiber optics
  3. Applications and advantages of fiber optics
  4. Fiber Optics System
  5. Loss Factors in fiber optics systems
  6. Installing Fiber Optic Cable
  7. The use of OTDR
  8. Preparing Fiber Optic Cable
  9. Fiber Preparation
  10. Fiber Optic Splicing

E.  METHODS OF INSTRUCTION

  1. Lecture/Discussion/Demonstration
  2. Practical Performance/Project
  3. Video Presentation/Field Trip

F.  REQURIED TEXT(S) AND COURSE MATERIALS
Woodward, B., & Husson, E. B., (2005) Fiber Optics Installer and Technician Guide, Alameda CA: Sybex (or most recent edition)
Fiber Optics Training Materials, Tools, and Testing Equipment                   

G.  REFERENCE MATERIALS
None

H.  INSTRUCTIONAL COSTS
None

I.   EVALUATION
None

J.   CREDIT BY EXAMINATION
None

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