# PH-109 Mathematics for Health Sciences

Course Description: This course is specifically designed for health science majors. It incorporates every aspect of Mathematics relevant to health care and health prevention applications, such as arithmetic computations, algebra, ratios, proportions and systems of measurement. It also covers introductory statistics, necessary for students to analyze and interpret data, and it includes topics essential for health care personnel, such as reading medication labels, dosage calculations, calculations for basic intravenous (IV) therapy, as well as logarithms, ionic solutions and pH.

• Prerequisite Courses: A grade of "C" or better in MS 099, by placement, or permission of instructor.

A.  PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES (PLOs):
The student will be able to:

1. Demonstrate understanding and apply mathematical concepts in problem solving and in day to day activities.
2. Present and interpret numeric information in graphic forms.
3. Communicate thoughts and ideas effectively using proper mathematical terms.

B.  STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOs) - GENERAL:
The student will be able to:

1. Perform basic arithmetic operations in health applications
2. Perform algebraic manipulations
3. Be familiar with systems of measurements
4. Understand medication labels, prescriptions and syringe calculations.
5. Model health applications with ratios and proportions
6. Perform calculations for basic intravenous (IV), parenteral therapy
7. Use the basics of statistics in allied health work.
8. Perform computations with logarithms, ionic solutions and pH
 SLO PLO1 PL02 PLO3 1 M M 2 M M 3 M M M 4 I I I 5 M I 6 D D 7 I I I 8 I I I

I = Introduced
D = Demonstrated
M = Mastered

C. STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOs) - SPECIFIC:
The student will be able to:

General SLO 1.  Perform basic arithmetic operations in health applications.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 1.1 Perform operations with fractions, decimals, percentages Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 1.2 Perform conversions among fractions, decimals and percentages Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 2.  Perform algebraic manipulations.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 2.1 Solve basic algebraic equations Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 2.2 Solve problems involving ratios, proportions, and percentages Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 2.3 Perform calculations necessary in medical formulas. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 3.  Be familiar with systems of measurements.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 3.1 Describe the concepts related to measurements used in the allied health fields, including volume, mass, weight, and temperature. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 3.2 Perform calculations using numbers written in scientific notation. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 3.3 Round answers to calculations that contain measurements, using the rules for significant digits. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 3.4 Use the fundamental units of metric system (SI), household units, and the apothecary system in making measurements and performing calculations related to allied health applications. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 3.5 Use common temperature scales and convert between scales when necessary. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 4.  Understand medication labels, prescriptions and syringe calculations.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 4.1 Extract important information regarding medication types or forms, dosage rates, dosage recommendations, medication storage information, expiration dates, and other patient-related information from the medical labels and product inserts. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 4.2 Read and properly interpret prescriptions for medications and medical orders regarding dosage, type or form of medication, methods of administration, and directions referring patient care, as prescribed by physicians. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 4.3 Do all necessary calculations for parental administration of medications. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 5. Model health applications with ratios and proportions

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 5.1 Discuss the uses of ratios and proportions in several common areas of allied health works. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 5.2 Apply and manipulate formulas that are in the form of proportions Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 5.3 Explain how to approach word problems in the context of work. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 5.4 Explain the meanings of basic terminology used in health areas discussed. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 6. Perform calculations for basic intravenous (IV), parenteral therapy

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 6.1 Identify the abbreviations used for IV fluid orders and administration charting. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 6.2 Calculate percentages in IV fluids. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 6.3 Calculate IV flow rates and infusion times. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 7. Use the basics of statistics in allied health work.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 7.1 Define terms related to basic statistics, such as data, population, sample, average, normal curve, and outlier. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 7.2 Calculate the value of the mean, median, midrange, and mode of a set of data. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 7.3 Gather data and create appropriate graphs, such as line graphs and bar charts, to display data. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 7.4 Read and interpret various types of graphs including pie charts. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 7.5 Interpret the meaning of the range, standard deviation, and the coefficient of variation in data analysis Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 7.6 Use the normal curve and an empirical rule to understand control charts. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

General SLO 8. Perform computations with logarithms, ionic solutions and pH.

 Student Learning Outcomes Assessment Strategies 8.1 Calculate common logarithms and antilogarithms Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 8.2 Describe the Ph scale and its values as they relate to the acidity of a solution. Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 8.3 Calculate the pH values from hydrogen ion concentration Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams 8.4 Calculate hydrogen ion concentration given the pH of a solution Homework and/or quizzes, and/or exams

D.  COURSE CONTENT

1. Basic arithmetic computations in health applications
2. Review of algebra
3. Systems of measurement
4. Medication labels, prescriptions, and syringe calculations
5. Modeling health applications with ratios and proportions
6. Calculations for basic IV therapy
7. Basics of statistics
8. Logarithms, ionic solutions and pH

E.  METHODS OF INSTRUCTION
The course will involve the use of lectures and class discussions.  Small groups of cooperative teaching/learning can be utilizedQuizzes, tests, worksheets and a final examination will provide measurement of achievement of course objectives.  Grading is as per the policy in the current college catalog.

F. REQURIED TEXT(S) AND COURSE MATERIALS

• Timmons, DL and CW Johnson. Math Skills for Allied Health Careers (2008) New Jersey: Addison Wesley. Or latest edition.
• Scientific calculator.

G.  REFERENCE MATERIALS
None

H.  INSTRUCTIONAL COSTS
None

I.   EVALUATION
None

J.   CREDIT BY EXAMINATION
None

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