Samples of the following plants are labeled with letters. Write the letter in the blank next to the correct name.
11. Choose any one plant from our hike beyond the FSM China Friendship center. Give the Latin binomial for the plant you have chosen. Write down also the local name in your language if the plant has a name in your language. Write down a local traditional use for that plant here in Micronesia.
12. Mosses, ferns, and other "primitive" plants share some common
features and needs in their reproductive cycles.
What are those features/needs?
The primitive plants reproduce by having a sporophyte produce spores. The spores lead, in each, to a stage that produces swimming sperm which require water to reach and fertilize the egg. Thus these plants are dependent on water and tend to live in wet places.
13. Define the term culture bound syndrome and
give an example of a culture bound syndrome in Micronesia.
A syndrome or disease that is unique to and found only in one culture. The illness is typically not recognized as being an illness by those from other cultures, or they see it as having completely different causes. Soumwahen eni is an example. Culture bound syndromes are typically curable only by traditional medicinal practitioners from the culture in which the disease is found.
14. Describe a healing use of a plant. The catch: you cannot describe a use for the plant you presented, you must describe a use of a plant described by another member of the class. Include the name of the plant presented by that member of the class.
For example: Mercy. Noth or thoeth. [Scaevola taccada] The juice of the fruit can be squeezed into the eye to cure pink-eye. The leaves, when used with guava leaves, are boiled and used for pregnant women after birth to help clean them out prior to their first post-partum period. The stem is used to cure stomach ache, two drops of the juice from the stem.
15. Give the latin binomial and English name for the plant in the botanic garden that is used as a waker-upper beverage (drink) every morning by millions of people around the world.
Coffea arabica or Coffea robusta: coffee
16. Why are there no baby Cook Island Pines on Pohnpei?
All of the Cook Island pines on Pohnpei are male trees.
17. Give the leaf shape (type of leaf) for the gymnosperms in the above diagram:
18. Name the tree in the botanic garden that featured leaf type C above.
19. What key features distinguish gymnosperm reproduction from the
reproduction of the more primitive seedless vascular plants such as
mosses, lycopodium, ferns?
Gymnosperms use pollen to carry the male gametes, the sperm, to the egg. The sperm is no longer a swimming sperm but rather lands on the egg. Water is no longer critical to the reproductive cycle. The fertilized egg does not develop directly into a plant, but rather into a seed which contains nutrients to help the new tree get started in life. The seed may also be designed to be carried by wind to facilitate spread of the tree.