MS 150 Statistic Test Two Spring 2003 8.1 • Name: _______________

Since January Pohnpei has been experiencing sunnier, drier than normal weather due to a mild El Nio event. Pohnpei is naturally a rainy place. The rains of summer seem to be returning to the island during this past week. With that in mind the test tackles some rainy day statistics. The average number of days with rain per month is 21.7 days with a standard deviation of 2.7 days. The distribution of the number of days with rain per month is normally distributed.

  1. _______ What is the probability a month will have more than 21.7 days of rain?
  2. _______ What is the probability a month will have less than 19 days of rain?
  3. _______ What is the probability a month will have more than 23 days of rain?
  4. _______ What is the probability a month will have between 19 and 23 days of rain?
  5. _______ How many days of rain in the rainiest 20% of the months?
  6. _______ What is the probability that four months will average less than 19 days of rain?
  7. Presume that the average of 21.7 rainy days per month with a standard deviation of 2.7 rainy days per month is based on a sample study of thirty-six months. Use this data to calculate a c = 90% confidence interval for the population mean .
    1. Use the information above to sketch the 90% confidence interval and other information to set up this problem:
      normalblankii (3K)

    2. _______ Determine the area in the left tail.
    3. _______ Determine the area in the right tail.
    4. _______ Determine the left z value.
    5. _______ Determine the right z value.
    6. _______ Determine the left (lower) bound for the population mean .
    7. _______ Determine the right (upper) bound for the population mean .
    8. The confidence interval for the population mean is:
      P( _________ < < _________ ) = _________
    Statistic or Parameter Symbol Equations Excel
    Normal Statistics
    Calculate a z value from an x z = standardize.gif (905 bytes) =STANDARDIZE(x, , s)
    Calculate an x value from a z x = s z + =s*z+
    Calculate a z-statistic from an x z xbartoz.gif (1022 bytes) =(x - )/(sx/SQRT(n))
    Calculate a t-statistic (t-stat) t xbartot.gif (1028 bytes) =(x - )/(sx/SQRT(n))
    Calculate an x from a z   xbarfromz.gif (1060 bytes) = + zc*sx/sqrt(n)
    Find a probability p from a z value     =NORMSDIST(z)
    Find a z value from a probability p     =NORMSINV(p)
    Confidence interval statistics
    Degrees of freedom df = n-1 =COUNT(data)-1
    Find a zc value from a confidence level c zc   =ABS(NORMSINV((1-c)/2))
    Find a tc value from a confidence level c tc   =TINV(1-c,df)
    Calculate an error tolerance E of a mean for n >= 30 using sx E error_tolerance_zc.gif (989 bytes) =zc*sx/SQRT(n)
    Calculate an error tolerance E of a mean for n < 30 using sx. Can also be used for n >= 30. E error_tolerance_tc.gif (989 bytes) =tc*sx/SQRT(n)
    Calculate a confidence interval for a population mean from a sample mean x and an error tolerance E   x-E<= <=x+E  

    standard normal curve