Ethnobotany Test One • Name:

I. Matching: Write letters under correct image below.

Place the letter for the correct name of the plant under the picture of the plant. Write the name in your first language (L1), if any. Your language might no longer have a name for the plant. If so, then leave the item blank. Write down a use for the plant in Micronesia. The use can be from any culture.

A. Asplenium nidus             E. Phymatosorus scolopendria   
B. Cyanobacteria               F. Moss 
C. Huperzia phlegmaria         G. Thelypteris maemonensis
D. Lycopodium cernuum          H. Vittaria spp.
nostoc
Balls of green jelly found on rocky ground in the sun.
1. Letter: ____ L1 name:
Local use:

moss
Found on rocks near rivers, on tree trunks, and in the shade.
2. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

lycopodium cernuum
Fuzzy almost furry plant found on sunny hilltops beyond the gym.
3. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

asplenium nidus
Usually found growing on trees.
4. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

phymatosorus scolopendria
Found growing on trees, including coconut palms. Also grows on the ground.
5. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

Vittaria
Found growing only on old trees, always hangs down.
6. ___ L1 name:
Local use:

Thelypteris maemonensis
Found growing on the shady forest floor.
7. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

lycopodiumspp02 (11K) lycopodiumspp03 (40K) lycopodiumblade (9K)
Found hanging from trees in the forest.
8. ____ L1 name:
Local use:

Linguistic matching
9. _____ amraA. Chuukese
10. _____ chichiB. Kosraen
11. _____ gob u leyC. Latin
12. _____ kamkamD. Mortlockese
13. _____ kidouE. Mwoakillese
14. _____ Phymatosorus scolopendriaF. Pingalapese
15. _____ pwehG. Pohnpeian
16. _____ sra kwemkwemH. Yapese

II. Short Answer

  1. What organism is able to convert nitrogen (N2 gas) in the air into nitrogenous compounds usable by plants and animals?
  2. What is the function of the vegetative cell in the balls of green jelly found on rocky ground in the sun?
  3. Can we tell by looking the difference between male and female moss plants?
  4. Put the following into order from the botanically most "primitive" to most "evolved": cyanobacteria, ferns, lycopodium, mosses.
  5. Name a plant from our hike that had strobili.
  6. What are strobili?
  7. 012759moss (98K)In the image of the moss to the right, what is the function of the long stalks that come up from the moss and end in a capsule? We viewed these in the laboratory on Tuesday. On living moss the stalks and capsule are usually brown.
  8. Mosses are unusual among plants in that the green part we see is haploid. All other plants we encounter in this course are diploid. What do the terms haploid and diploid mean?
  9. As a human being, are you a haploid or diploid?
  10. Where can I find Nostoc?
  11. To the best of your ability, label the parts G and C of the fern shown using botanically correct terms.
    t1_morph (71K) G: ______________
    C: ______________
  12. What is the meaning of a cultural disease, also known as a culture bound syndrome?
  13. Why do ethnobotanists study indigenous peoples?
  14. Cross-cultural toughies: What is the name, if any, of the following plants in your own language:

    gob u láey: ____________________________
    muhlihklihk: ____________________________
    pwisehn ketipen: ____________________________
    unen katu: ____________________________
  15. Toughie: What type of cell most likely made up the majority of the cells which you were seeing?
    1. akinetes that ensure survival
    2. heterocysts to break the nitrogen bond
    3. vegetative cells that engage in photosynthesis
  16. Make a sketch, to the extent of your ability to do so, of what the Nostoc (cyanobacteria) looked like under the microscope.

III. Short essay answer

The mosses and lycopodium we have been studying are united by some common reproductive features. What are those common features?