Fleshy fruits

Simple fruits (single ovary)

Endocarp hard and stony, ovary superior and single seeded (cherry, olive, coconut) drupe

Endocarp fleshy or slimy, ovary many seeded (tomato, grape, green pepper, avocado, banana) berry

Berry with leathery skin containing oils (orange, lime, grapefruit, tangerine) Rutaceae hesperidium

Berry with thick rind (watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber) Cucurbitaceae pepo

Flesh mostly of receptacle tissue (apple, pear) pome

Complex fruits (from more than one ovary)

Fruit from many carpels on a single flower (strawberry, blackberry, raspberry) aggregate fruit

Fruit from carpels of many flowers fused together (pineapple, mulberry) multiple fruit

Dry Fruits

Fruits that split open at maturity (usually more than one seed)

Split occurs on one seam in the ovary (milkweed) follicle

Split occurs on two seams in the ovary

Seed borne on one of the halves of the ovary (pea pod, bean pods, peanuts) legume

Seed borne on the partition between the halves of the ovary (mustard, radish) silicle or silique

Split occurs on multiple seams or released through pores (lilies, impatiens, hibiscus) capsule

Fruits that do not split at maturity (usually one seed)

Pericarp hard and thick, often with a cup at its base (mwoaroapw) nut

Pericarp thin

Ovaries often together in pairs (parsley, dill, carrots) schizocarp

Ovaries occur singly

Pericarp winged (maple, ash, elm) samara

Pericarp not winged

Single seed attached to pericarp only at its base (sunflower, Bidens alba) achene

Single seed fully fused to pericarp (cereal grains: rice, wheat, corn) grain/caryopsis

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